Mental illness is defined as a broad range of mental health conditions or disorders which have an adverse effect on your behaviour, mood and thinking.

Common examples of mental illness are anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, addictive behaviours and eating disorders. A good number of people are bound to have some mental health problems on a periodic basis.

However, a mental health concern could transcend to being a mental illness when the continuing signs and symptoms induce regular stress and unpleasantly distress your functioning ability.

Having a mental illness could make someone miserable and can induce problems in your everyday life, which could be work, school, relationships amongst others.

In many cases, these symptoms can be supervised when there is a combination of medications and psychotherapy which is also known as talk therapy.

The signs and symptoms which are associated with mental illness vary and they are dependent on the circumstances, disorder and a host of other factors. These symptoms negatively affect our thoughts, behaviours and emotions.

Such examples are as follows:
Sad and depressed feeling
Confused thoughts pattern and inability to concentrate
Extreme fears and worries, continuous feeling of guilt
Mood swings
Being unable to cope with stress
Inability to understand other people
Substance abuse
Huge changes in eating habits
Suicidal thoughts

Mental illnesses are caused by some factors which are as follows:
Inherited attributes: There is a higher rate of finding people who have mental illness in a family where the relatives also have the same issue. There are some genes which could increase the chances of coming down with mental illness, and coupled with life challenges, it could be aggravated.

Pre-natal exposure to the environment: When an unborn child is exposed to some negative environmental factors, drugs, alcohol and the likes, it could induce mental illness.

Brain chemistry: There are some neurotransmitters which occur naturally in the brain, and they are chemicals which convey signals to other segments of the body and brain. In cases when this function is impaired, the work function of the nerve receptors and nerve systems alter, and depression sets in.

In order to prevent mental illness, there is a need for you to do the following:
Heed warning signs
Go for constant medical care
Seek help when it is needed
Always watch out for yourself


Many people who have a mental illness do not want to talk about it. But mental illness is nothing to be ashamed of! It is a mental condition, just like heart disease or diabetes.
A mental illness is a condition that affects a person’s thinking, feeling, or mood. Such conditions may affect someone’s ability to relate to others and function each day. Each person will have different experiences, even people with the same diagnosis. They may be occasional or long-lasting (chronic).
There are many different types of mental disorders. Some common ones include
Anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post- traumatic stress disorder, and phobias
Depression, bipolar disorder, and other mood disorders
Eating disorders
Personality disorders
Psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia
A mental health condition isn’t the result of one event. Genetics, environment and lifestyle influence whether someone develops a mental health condition. A stressful job or home life makes some people more susceptible, as do traumatic life events like being the victim of a crime.
Approximately, one in 5 adults experiences a mental health condition every year. One in 17 lives with a serious mental illness such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. In addition to a person’s directly experiencing a mental illness, family, friends and communities are also affected.
Half of mental health conditions begin by age14, and 75% of mental health conditions develop by age 24. Mental illness does not discriminate; it can affect anyone regardless of age. The normal personality and behavior changes of adolescence may mimic or mask symptoms of a mental health condition. Early engagement and support are crucial to improving outcomes and increasing the promise of recovery.
There is no single cause for mental illness. A number of factors can contribute to risk for mental illness, such as
Genes and family history
One’s life experiences, such as stress or a history of abuse, especially if they happen in childhood
Biological factors such as chemical imbalances in the brain
A traumatic brain injury
A mother’s exposure to viruses or toxic chemicals while pregnant
Use of drinks or recreational substances
Having a serious medical condition like cancer
Having few friends, and feeling lonely or isolated
Sometimes, many mistakenly believe that mental disorders are caused by character flaws. As a matter of fact, they have nothing to do with being lazy or weak.
However, the good news is that mental illness is treatable. The vast majority of individuals with mental illness continue to function in their daily lives. Treatment depends on which mental disorder the victim has and how serious it is.